Bold Ink Cut Signature with Notation of Rank; Lincoln's General Who Declared Emancipation of Slaves in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina
HUNTER, Major General David

Bold ink signature "Da: Hunter, Maj. Gen." aprox. 2 3/4" x 5", probably cut from a document circa 1862-65. David Hunter (1802-1886) graduated West Point in 1822. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he joined the 3rd U.S. Cavalry and was badly wounded at Bull Run (July, 1861). Later that year he was given command of the Western Department and in 1862 assumed command of the Southern Department. At this time, he recruited a unit of South Carolina blacks (later disbanded) and stunned his commander-in-chief by issuing an order of emancipation for all slaves in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Lincoln, who was still some months shy of issuing his Emancipation Proclaimation, thought the move dangerous and premature; fearing that such an action would swing the border states to the Confederacy, he rescinded Hunter's order. Hunter saw much action and most notably was defeated by Jubal Early at Lynchburg in June, 1864. He later played a key role on the Lincoln Assassination Committe, serving on the board of officers who tried and executed the conspirators. Manuscript. (Item ID: X153)


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